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An Idea About Tenses

There are three types of Tenses in English:


Each type has a structure for conjugation and is given an auxiliary to perform it. Since there are only three auxiliaries and to be fair we give an auxiliary to each category. Therefore, Do is used with simple tenses, Be with progressives, and Have with Perfect Tenses.
The time is divided into three parts: The Past, the Present, and the Future, so each type of tenses has three parts.

tenses chart

chart of tenses

chart tenses

I. Match the following sentences with the suitable tense.

  1. I have never been abroad.
  2. It is raining right now.
  3. They live in the country.
  4. By the time we got to the airport, the plane had already taken off.
  5. Did you travel last summer?
  6. She will probably arrive tonight.
  7. We will have finished before you arrive.
  8. While we were having dinner, the lights went out.                   A. Simple present
  9. Where do you live?                                                            B. Present cont.
  10. He doesn’t get up early on Sundays.                                   C. Simple Past
  11. We shall be studying physics at this same time tomorrow.   D. Past cont.
  12. What are you doing?                                                         E. Simple Fut.
  13. I’m listening to classical music.                                           F. Future Cont.
  14. After she had cleaned the house, she prepared lunch.             G. Present Per.
  15. Where were you yesterday morning?                                 H. Past Per.
  16. I was at home.                                                                  I.   Future Per.
  17. What were you doing?
  18. I was revising for the next test.
  19. When I got home, my parents had already eaten dinner.
  20. How often does he read the newspaper?
  21. She rarely helps her mother.
  22. What time will you leave?
  23. Are you busy now?
  24. My mother was cooking dinner while I was doing my homework.
  25. He has just finished his work.
  26. They will have covered the program by the end of May.
  27. I’ll be reading when you arrive.
  28. As soon as the bell rang, the students left the classroom.
  29. Have you ever seen an elephant?
  30. Does he ever smoke?
  31. He has already had breakfast.
  32. What do you do?
  33. What did you do last night?
  34. What’s the matter with you?
  35. They haven’t got time to fix the car.
  36. He usually believes you.
  37.   Previous climbers had cut steps in the ice.
    38. Somebody had cleaned my shoes and brushed my suit.
  1. Change the following sentences to the negative and interrogative:



    1. Fatima trains Karaté
    2. She is listening to classical music.
    3. They were making noise.
    4. He travelled abroad last summer.
    5. She has finished her homework.
    6. You will visit us tomorrow.
    7. I help my classmates.
    8. She was tired yesterday.
    9. They had eaten dinner.
    10. It is raining.
    11. He played football last week.
    12. She is fine.
    13. We work everyday.
    14. The weather was fine last Sunday.
    15. Our teachers gave us a lot of homework last year.
    16. John was preparing lunch.

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