The future Tense

 

THE SIMPLE FUTURE

THE FORM :

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I/we  shall (‘ll)        travel

I/we shall not  (shan’t)    travel

Shall I/we      travel?

 

You
He
She   will  (‘ll)     travel
It
They

 

You
He
She   will not (won’t) travel
It
They

 

                You
                 He
  Will         She      travel?
                 It
                 they
                  

     
THE MEANING:

The simple future is used for a probable action in the future.

 I think my brother will arrive tomorrow.
 He will probably pass the exam.
 Perhaps, they will the match.
 I bet she will do better in the exam.
 I guess the children will make noise.
 I suppose the test will not be easy for them.

It’s used when we take the decision on the time of speaking.

The phone is ringing. I’ll pick it up.
It has started to rain. I’ll close the windows.
The teacher is absent today, so I’ll go back home.
There’s nothing to eat in the kitchen. I’ll cook an omelette.

The present continuous:

We use the present continuous for an arrangement or decision in the future.

I am meeting Talal at the café at 6 o’clock this afternoon. (We have agreed together to meet at: a certain café at 6:  a certain time)
What are you doing next weekend? I am visiting a friend of mine.
Where are you spending your holidays next summer? I am spending them in Agadir.

Going to + infinitive:

Going to + infinitive is used for a future with decision or intention:

What are you going to do next summer holidays? I’m going to prepare for the TOEFL exam. I’m going to paint my house next month. (I’ve already decided to do this)
He is going to go jogging tomorrow.

Intention:

I am going to read this book. (I have the intention of reading it)

The simple present:

We use the simple present for a future action if there is a schedule or timetable, especially
For transportation, TV programmes, films, etc.

The football match starts at 8:15 tonight
The bus leaves at 9:20 tomorrow.
The film begins at 6:00 next Wednesday.

EXERCICE:

 

      Use the simple Future/present continuous/ or going to + infinitive/ or the simple present) to express the future:

 

  1. It’s really cold today. I (put on)………………………..my jacket.
  2. This is John’s plan for next holidays:
  3. He (arrive)…………………….at Ouarzazate airport at 7 o’clock. Then, he (take)……………….a taxi to the hotel. The next day, he (visit)………………Zagora. After that, he (go)…………………to Tinghir to see the Todgha Gorges.
  4. Rachid is holding a basket ball and putting on his sport clothes. He (play)…………………………..basketball.
  5. Rachida (see)……………………the dentist next Wednesday.
  6. The film (start)………………………at 9:30 tonight.
  7. She (probably join)…………………..us.
  8. I bet Ghana (win)…………………..the African Football Cup.
  9. Look at those black clouds. It (rain)…………………………………………. .
  10. I feel very tired. I (have)…………………….a rest.
  11. What time the train (leave)………………………….tomorrow?
  12. It (leave)……………………at 8:25.
  13. I suppose the test (be)…………………….difficult.
  14. Some relatives (visit)……………………….us next weekend.
  15. Fatima (get married)……………………………next month.
  16. I don’t think she (do)………………….better in the exam.
  17. The wind is blowing very strongly, so I (not go out)………………………….
  18. Waiter: What would you like to drink?
  19. Customer: I (take)…………………coffee.
  20. A: Can I help you with the luggage.
  21. B: Thanks. I (carry)…………………..it myself.